AFRICA/SOMALIA – Naval agreement between Somalia and Turkey to counter the one between Ethiopia and Somaliland?

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AFRICA/SOMALIA – Naval settlement between Somalia and Turkey to counter the one between Ethiopia and Somaliland?

Mogadishu (Agenzia Fides) – “Somalia doesn’t need overseas powers to battle on its territory,” mentioned Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, assuring that the naval navy settlement authorized yesterday February twenty first (however signed on February eighth), between his nation and Turkey is just not directed in opposition to Ethiopia. This nation signed a maritime transport settlement with the separatist area of Somaliland on January 1 (see Fides, 3/1/2024 and 9/1/2024). The ten-year settlement, authorized by the Somali Council of Ministers, offers Turkey “full authority” over Somali territorial waters and obliges it to guard and defend them.
The settlement stipulates that Turkey will obtain 30 % of the income from Somalia’s unique financial zone, whose are nonetheless largely to be exploited (other than fishing). In return, Ankara undertakes to rebuild and equip the Somali navy. The brand new settlement strengthens relations between Somalia and Turkey, which has already arrange a navy base in Mogadishu since 2017 to coach Somali troops, specifically members of the elite “GorGor” corps deployed within the battle in opposition to the Shabaab militia. The enlargement of naval cooperation will enable the Turkish Navy to keep up a steady presence within the waters of the Crimson Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Persian Gulf, the place Ankara has already maintained a naval base in Qatar for a number of years. In parallel to the settlement with Somalia, Turkey signed an settlement with Djibouti during which Ankara pledges to offer navy coaching and monetary help to the small state’s armed forces on the mouth of the Bab el-Mandab Strait, the gateway to the Crimson Sea. For his half, the President of Somaliland reacted to the agreements signed by Somalia with Turkey, stating that the settlement concluded by the self-proclaimed state with Ethiopia can be enforced in any case, even when Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud had been to “draw Ethiopia and Egypt into the battle”.
Even Egypt, which is at loggerheads with Ethiopia over the Ethiopian dam on the Blue Nile (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam), has concluded a protection settlement with Mogadishu. Then again, there are nonetheless agreements below which Ethiopia helps Somalia within the battle in opposition to the Shabaab militia, whereas Mogadishu can also be supported by the United Arab Emirates (which just lately misplaced three troopers in an assault attributed to the Shabaab militia), Eritrea and United States. Final week, the USA and Somalia signed an settlement to construct 5 navy bases for the Somali Nationwide Military. (L.M.) (Agenzia Fides, 22/2/2024)



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